通榆| 公主岭| 久治| 门头沟| 青铜峡| 神农顶| 泾县| 阜新蒙古族自治县| 六盘水| 杭锦后旗| 株洲县| 恭城| 通城| 明水| 玉溪| 德江| 皋兰| 古交| 额尔古纳| 钦州| 龙江| 肥城| 新宾| 台儿庄| 荣县| 胶州| 巴楚| 五莲| 泸西| 根河| 内江| 奇台| 盐源| 醴陵| 乌尔禾| 蠡县| 龙江| 吉首| 平谷| 通城| 团风| 喀什| 海南| 峨眉山| 杜集| 西昌| 隆回| 潮安| 定襄| 仁布| 比如| 若羌| 石家庄| 改则| 青冈| 寻乌| 广宗| 洛阳| 滦平| 美姑| 清徐| 宁都| 霍邱| 涞源| 潮安| 温江| 民乐| 大安| 萨迦| 福清| 乐昌| 德钦| 湘潭市| 太谷| 高要| 南平| 徐州| 济南| 山阴| 乌鲁木齐| 根河| 肥乡| 江陵| 贵南| 阜宁| 东港| 忠县| 肇源| 宜宾县| 安庆| 庆阳| 惠农| 久治| 西固| 鸡西| 西沙岛| 莱山| 宜昌| 肥东| 兰州| 舞钢| 泽州| 大名| 会泽| 沐川| 嵩县| 青田| 上饶县| 资源| 开平| 都江堰| 横山| 江油| 滁州| 土默特左旗| 镇坪| 尚义| 海兴| 登封| 九台| 运城| 合江| 南票| 苏尼特左旗| 索县| 镇宁| 定安| 淮安| 通化县| 进贤| 龙山| 麻江| 普洱| 泾川| 阜宁| 焉耆| 田阳| 聂拉木| 罗平| 安塞| 清水| 和政| 延安| 广东| 衢江| 斗门| 科尔沁左翼中旗| 汕头| 伊川| 阿克塞| 和平| 牟平| 洛阳| 涞源| 蛟河| 凤庆| 工布江达| 轮台| 涞水| 昭苏| 台北市| 郯城| 贵溪| 台山| 嘉鱼| 突泉| 潮州| 韶山| 云霄| 大新| 科尔沁左翼后旗| 阜阳| 曲靖| 驻马店| 柳城| 桐柏| 鱼台| 谢家集| 浮梁| 景洪| 密山| 宁陵| 陇川| 富民| 定日| 阿克陶| 安岳| 新乐| 喀喇沁旗| 江门| 武乡| 蛟河| 万源| 方城| 塔河| 中山| 汉口| 蒙阴| 舒兰| 石拐| 天全| 新安| 图们| 讷河| 浪卡子| 临沭| 大龙山镇| 吉木萨尔| 莱山| 怀宁| 应城| 林西| 贺兰| 平鲁| 馆陶| 汕头| 潮安| 惠州| 铁岭县| 拉孜| 旅顺口| 亳州| 和硕| 霍山| 马尾| 磐安| 曲水| 汝阳| 缙云| 抚州| 虞城| 小河| 绵竹| 呼伦贝尔| 临夏县| 灯塔| 上高| 河间| 通江| 三水| 茌平| 秦安| 枣庄| 东宁| 闽清| 五营| 竹溪| 汾阳| 克拉玛依| 长寿| 大石桥| 高雄县| 墨玉| 清流| 加查| 潮州| 潼南| 吴起| 柏乡| 恩平| 温县| 江永| 即墨|

西安市人民代表大会常务委员会公告【十五届】第 5..

2019-09-24 04:29 来源:中新网

  西安市人民代表大会常务委员会公告【十五届】第 5..

  Grizzly,PandaandIceBearfromCartoonNetwork’sWeBareBearsarehavingtheirfirstworkingholidayatLCX,,herbalteakiosk,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/HongShaokui)Grizzly,PandaandIceBearfromCartoonNetwork’sWeBareBearsarehavingtheirfirstworkingholidayatLCX,,herbalteakiosk,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/HongShaokui)Grizzly,PandaandIceBearfromCartoonNetwork’sWeBareBearsarehavingtheirfirstworkingholidayatLCX,,herbalteakiosk,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/HongShaokui)Grizzly,PandaandIceBearfromCartoonNetwork’sWeBareBearsarehavingtheirfirstworkingholidayatLCX,,herbalteakiosk,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/HongShaokui)Grizzly,PandaandIceBearfromCartoonNetwork’sWeBareBearsarehavingtheirfirstworkingholidayatLCX,,herbalteakiosk,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/HongShaokui)Grizzly,PandaandIceBearfromCartoonNetwork’sWeBareBearsarehavingtheirfirstworkingholidayatLCX,,herbalteakiosk,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/HongShaokui)Grizzly,PandaandIceBearfromCartoonNetwork’sWeBareBearsarehavingtheirfirstworkingholidayatLCX,,herbalteakiosk,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/HongShaokui)Grizzly,PandaandIceBearfromCartoonNetwork’sWeBareBearsarehavingtheirfirstworkingholidayatLCX,,herbalteakiosk,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/HongShaokui)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)

PhototakenonMarch15,2018showsculturalrelicspreservedatDanaTempleinYushuTibetanAutonomousPrefecture,northwestChinaerofrelevantrelics.(Xinhua/WuGang)AmonkisseenatDanaTempleinYushuTibetanAutonomousPrefecture,northwestChinasQinghaiProvince,March15,erofrelevantrelics.(Xinhua/WuGang)PhototakenonMarch15,2018showsculturalrelicspreservedatDanaTempleinYushuTibetanAutonomousPrefecture,northwestChinaerofrelevantrelics.(Xinhua/WuGang)PhototakenonMarch15,2018showstheDanaTempleinYushuTibetanAutonomousPrefecture,northwestChinaerofrelevantrelics.(Xinhua/WuGang)AerialphototakenonMarch15,2018showstheDanaTempleinYushuTibetanAutonomousPrefecture,northwestChinaerofrelevantrelics.(Xinhua/WuGang)PhototakenonMarch15,2018showsculturalrelicspreservedatDanaTempleinYushuTibetanAutonomousPrefecture,northwestChinaerofrelevantrelics.(Xinhua/WuGang)PhototakenonMarch15,2018showstheDanaTempleinYushuTibetanAutonomousPrefecture,northwestChinaerofrelevantrelics.(Xinhua/WuGang)ChinalaunchedanewEarthobservationsatellite,Gaofen-6,whichwillbemainlyusedinagriculturalresourcesresearchanddisastermonitoring,June2,2018.(Photo/ChinaNewsService)TheGaofen-6waslaunchedonaLongMarch-2Drocketat12:,Gaofen-6,whichwillbemainlyusedinagriculturalresourcesresearchanddisastermonitoring,June2,2018.(Photo/ChinaNewsService)TheGaofen-6waslaunchedonaLongMarch-2Drocketat12:,Gaofen-6,whichwillbemainlyusedinagriculturalresourcesresearchanddisastermonitoring,June2,2018.(Photo/ChinaNewsService)TheGaofen-6waslaunchedonaLongMarch-2Drocketat12:esametime.

  AwomanisseenatGhandrukvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)MulescarryingemptygascylindersproceedtowardsGhandrukvillagefromChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)PeoplecarryironnetsusedforconstructionatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)AmanworksinthefieldatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)LocalscutthehairofsheepatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedsprayerworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedcombineharvesterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)AnunmannedcombineharvesterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,June2,2018.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedricetransplanterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedricetransplanterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedcombineharvesterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,adroneworksoverafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedcombineharvesterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,twounmannedsprayersworkinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)

  LaraJackson,34,ofManchester,Britain,takesaphotoaslavalightsuptheskyabovePahoaduringongoingeruptionsoftheKilaueaVolcanoinHawaii,,June2,2018.(Photo/Agencies)LavalightsuptheskyabovePahoaduringongoingeruptionsoftheKilaueaVolcanoinHawaii,,June2,2018.(Photo/Agencies)PeoplewatchaslavalightsuptheskyabovePahoaduringongoingeruptionsoftheKilaueaVolcanoinHawaii,,June2,2018.(Photo/Agencies)DarrylSumiki,52,ofHilo,watchesaslavalightsuptheskyabovePahoaduringongoingeruptionsoftheKilaueaVolcanoinHawaii,,June2,2018.(Photo/Agencies)VolunteerscleanwasteonbeachinDongshanCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/SongWeiwei)VolunteersfreefriesinSanya,southChinasHainanProvince,June6,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/ChenWenwu)MembersofChinasAntarcticexpeditionputamicroplasticcollectorintothesea,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/BaiGuolong)CleanersclearthefloatingwasteinthefishbreedingraftsinHuangqiTownshipofLianjiangCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,June6,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)ChinasmannedsubmersibleJiaolongispreparedtodiveintheYapTrenchinthewestPacific,June13,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/LiuShiping)PearlcultivatorstransfershellsatapearlcultivationfarminBeihaiCity,southChinasGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/ZhangAilin)AlittlegirlstaysatacampinQingdaoHaichangPolarOceanParkinQingdao,acoastalcityineastChinasShandongProvince,May19,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AseaweedharvestboatsailsataseaweedfarminSanshaTownshipinXiapuCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/JiangKehong),2018showsthesceneryofXinyingmangrovenationalwetlandparkinsouthChina,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/JiangEnyu)

CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofTuandaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoPortinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay7,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoSportsCenterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonMay13,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofZhanqiaoPierinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofMaidaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofOlympicSailingCenter,whichusedtobeashipyard,inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)

  PhototakenonJune2,2018showsaChinaRailway(CR)ExpresscargotrainleavingforMinskfromShijiazhuang,northChinaeftonSaturday.(Xinhua/LiuPeiran)PhototakenonJune2,2018showsaChinaRailway(CR)ExpresscargotrainleavingforMinskfromShijiazhuang,northChinaeftonSaturday.(Xinhua/LiuPeiran)PhototakenonJune2,2018showsaChinaRailway(CR)ExpresscargotrainleavingforMinskfromShijiazhuang,northChinaeftonSaturday.(Xinhua/LiuPeiran)

  PhototakenonJune1,2018showsthelaunchceremonyfortheGuilin-HaLongCityself-drivingtourismrouteinDongxing,SouthChina’thatwillincludetheChinesecitiesFangchenggang,Qinzhou,Nanning,Laibin,LiuzhouandGuilinaswellastheVietnamesecitiesMongCaiandHaLong.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenYicai)PhototakenonJune1,2018showsthelaunchceremonyfortheGuilin-HaLongCityself-drivingtourismrouteinDongxing,SouthChina’thatwillincludetheChinesecitiesFangchenggang,Qinzhou,Nanning,Laibin,LiuzhouandGuilinaswellastheVietnamesecitiesMongCaiandHaLong.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenYicai)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)

  (CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.

  English-LanguageNewsWebEditorRequirements::Aminimumofabachelor’sdegreeatanaccreditedcollegeoruniversitywithamajorinjournalism,English,economics,internationalpolitics,,:Haveathoroughunderstandingandappreciationfortheroleofjournalismandaccurate,ftWord,AdobePhotoshop,Dreamweaver,:Previousjoborinternshipexperienceinan:Responsibleforconductingnewsinterviews,andcompiling,editingandrevisingnewsmanuscriptsfromothersourcesforwebsitenews,dupdates,andproducingspecialnewspackages,aswellasothe,:’sdegreeatanaccreditedcollegeoruniversitywithamajorinjournalism,English,economics,internationalpolitics,andaccurate,,:-Thejobisfull-time.-rewritingandcopy-editingstorieswrittenbystaffandfromothermediaresources;-writingoredittingheadlines,readingprovesandcontributingideasinstoryselectionandlayoutandsoon;-helpingproductionanddevelopmentofothereditorialmaterials,whichincludewritingstories,columns,reviewsandrecordingsChildrenplayonasquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June3,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhangCheng)StudentsofamiddleschoolplayfootballinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AmangoeswindsurferinginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,May4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhangCheng)CitizensposeforphotoattheOlympicParkinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)ChildrenpracticerollerskatinginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AmandoesexercisesataparkinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June3,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)AsailboatisseeninthewaterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/YinGang)

  TheXiaolongwansuspensionbridgeisilluminatedbyacolorfullightingsysteminJiangningDistrict,Nanjing,JiangsuProvince,June4,,064-meter-longbridgehasbecomealocalattractionthankstotheamazinglightshowaswellasawatersprayingsystemoperatingfromthebridge.(Photo/IC)TheXiaolongwansuspensionbridgeisilluminatedbyacolorfullightingsysteminJiangningDistrict,Nanjing,JiangsuProvince,June4,,064-meter-longbridgehasbecomealocalattractionthankstotheamazinglightshowaswellasawatersprayingsystemoperatingfromthebridge.(Photo/IC)TheXiaolongwansuspensionbridgeisilluminatedbyacolorfullightingsysteminJiangningDistrict,Nanjing,JiangsuProvince,June4,,064-meter-longbridgehasbecomealocalattractionthankstotheamazinglightshowaswellasawatersprayingsystemoperatingfromthebridge.(Photo/IC)

  TheXiaolongwansuspensionbridgeisilluminatedbyacolorfullightingsysteminJiangningDistrict,Nanjing,JiangsuProvince,June4,,064-meter-longbridgehasbecomealocalattractionthankstotheamazinglightshowaswellasawatersprayingsystemoperatingfromthebridge.(Photo/IC)TheXiaolongwansuspensionbridgeisilluminatedbyacolorfullightingsysteminJiangningDistrict,Nanjing,JiangsuProvince,June4,,064-meter-longbridgehasbecomealocalattractionthankstotheamazinglightshowaswellasawatersprayingsystemoperatingfromthebridge.(Photo/IC)TheXiaolongwansuspensionbridgeisilluminatedbyacolorfullightingsysteminJiangningDistrict,Nanjing,JiangsuProvince,June4,,064-meter-longbridgehasbecomealocalattractionthankstotheamazinglightshowaswellasawatersprayingsystemoperatingfromthebridge.(Photo/IC)

  PhototakenonJune1,2018showsWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)PhototakenonJune4,2018showsaflowerinstallationinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhuZheng)PhototakenonJune2,2018showsWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)PhototakenonJune3,2018showsWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/PurbuZhaxi)PhototakenonJune3,2018showsflowersalongaroadinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/PurbuZhaxi)PhototakenonJune4,2018showsflowersatWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AstaffmemberdecoratesasignofShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June2,(Xinhua/MaNing)PhototakenonJune4,2018showsredlanternsinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhuZheng)PhototakenonJune4,2018showsaninstallationmadeofflowersinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AstreetcarrunsonastreetinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AbusrunsonastreetinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/MaNing)AStarbuckslogoispicturedinManhattan,NewYork,theUnitedStates,May29,,000company-ownedstoresintheUnitedStatesonTuesdayafternoontooffernearly175,000employeesamandatoryanti-biastraining.(Xinhua/LiMuzi)PeoplewalkintoaStarbucksstoreinManhattan,NewYork,theUnitedStates,May29,,000company-ownedstoresintheUnitedStatesonTuesdayafternoontooffernearly175,000employeesamandatoryanti-biastraining.(Xinhua/LiMuzi)AStarbuckslogoispicturedinManhattan,NewYork,theUnitedStates,May29,,000company-ownedstoresintheUnitedStatesonTuesdayafternoontooffernearly175,000employeesamandatoryanti-biastraining.(Xinhua/LiMuzi)AStarbuckslogoispicturedinManhattan,NewYork,theUnitedStates,May29,,000company-ownedstoresintheUnitedStatesonTuesdayafternoontooffernearly175,000employeesamandatoryanti-biastraining.(Xinhua/LiMuzi)AnoticeisseenataclosedStarbucksstoreinManhattan,NewYork,theUnitedStates,May29,,000company-ownedstoresintheUnitedStatesonTuesdayafternoontooffernearly175,000employeesamandatoryanti-biastraining.(Xinhua/LiMuzi)

  

  西安市人民代表大会常务委员会公告【十五届】第 5..

 
责编:

海上碑及其作者

2019-09-24 16:27 来源:岚山政务网 []
CraftswomanLiWenlingshowsherpaper-cuttingworksatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)PhototakenonJune6,2018showsafolkmusicperformanceatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)PhototakenonJune6,2018showsateaartshowatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)CraftsmanMuXujianshowsdoughsculpturemakingtojournalistsatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)CraftsmanMuXujianmakesdoughsculpturesatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)

在岚山渔港内,离岸不远有一大块礁石。涨潮时,礁石被海水淹没,落潮时露出水面。在这礁石朝北的面上,刻有明清时代苏京等人的题词。这就是著名的岚山海上碑,也是岚山地区唯一未遭破坏保留至今的古碑。

碑文处在一个摩崖斜面上。共五幅文字。“星河影动”,“撼雪喷云”两幅是明末的苏京题写。“万斛明珠”、“砥柱狂澜”两幅是与苏京同时的王铎题写。“难为水”是清初的阎毓秀所题,较苏、王二人题刻稍晚。

苏京的祖先是江苏泰州人,明朝初年随军征战有功,封为百户,戍守安东卫,从此定居。传到苏京时,已是明朝末年。据《苏雨望墓碑》记,苏京“品直干济”,很受时人推重。明崇祯十年(1637年)中进士,官至监察御使,曾赴陕、晋前线与李自成起义军作战。又七年,明朝灭亡,清军入关。苏京在复明无望之后,回乡隐居过一段时间。后因怕担“反抗朝廷”的罪名招来灭门之祸,遂于1647年入朝觐见清世祖顺治,表示归顺。被授原官职,后死于福建任上。估计海上碑的刻立,应在1644年明朝灭亡,苏京归乡之后。

王铎,河南孟津人,进士出身,做过明朝的礼部尚书,明末清初著名书法家。与苏京是挚友。明亡后,他来拜访苏京,曾为苏京之父苏雨望墓碑撰写碑文并亲笔书写。这就是传世的《苏雨望墓碑》。碑文长达千字,除叙述苏氏渊源外,还重点记叙了苏雨望出类拔萃的才干、礼让孝悌的品质及急公好义扶危济困的事迹,相当于一篇“苏雨望传”。其景仰之意溢于言表,突出表现了他与苏京的友谊。海上碑的题刻就是他这次来安东卫时写下的。

阎毓秀,山西榆次人,武进士,康熙十年至十八年任安东卫守备,为人“戆直廉静,不阿上官,不徇私情,任九载,地方安堵。”离任时,地方上为他立“去思碑”。(见《日照县志》)是一个较正直的官员。他的题刻应该是在任安东卫守备时完成的,与苏京时代很相近。

海上碑处在烟水浩淼的海州湾北岸,隔岸远山横亘天际,湾中岛屿蜃景飘渺,近岸雪浪翻涌,如千万条玉龙游动。潮涨潮落,云起云飞,气象阔大雄浑。阴晴风雨,季节变换,海上景色时时不同。风平浪静时,海天一色,风暴来临时,怒涛连天。许多古老神奇的传说更使海上景色具有几分神秘的色彩。这里既是观海遐想抒发情怀的好去处,也是摩崖刻石的好地方。但是,古人把字刻在涨潮线下的礁石上,而且三人都看中了这一块礁石,还是耐人寻味的。

苏、王、阎三人生活在明清之际,他们在同一块礁石上刻下了意境相近的碑文,说明三人有相似之处。立传树碑,自古就被人们认为是不朽之举,可以传之后世的。但立碑需要具备一定条件。首先必须有经济实力,穷困不堪的人是做不到的。其次是须有声望地位,不是谁都有资格可以随便涂鸦的。第三也是最重要的,题写人要有德行学问并且自信他的题刻不被后人诟病。这几条,苏、王、阎三人都具备了。他们都做过大官或正做着地方长官,钱财、声望都不成问题。而且,他们三人性格品行有共同之处,苏京“品直干济”,王铎与苏京是挚友,自然同气相求,阎毓秀“戆直廉静”。也就是说他们都自以为或被别人认为是品行端正、性格刚直的。这样,两位前明遗老,一位清朝地方官就找到了共同点。他们在同一块礁石上抒发着近似的情怀。尽管岚山依山临海,山崖、礁石可供摩崖刻石的地方很多,但他们还是走到一块了。

海上碑上的题辞,从字面上看都是应景文字,但情随境生,景因情异,作者的感情蕴涵在景语之中,是掩饰不住的。“星河影动”是夜景。当星月皎洁,潮平波稳之时,万顷大海空阔寂寥,微波上跳动的月光如碎金细银,变幻闪烁。“星河影动”之时,正是每天两次潮涨潮落之间的平静期,这一平静期很短暂,很快就会被下一轮狂涛奔涌的局面所代替。苏京在明亡之后干了些什么,文献记载不详,由于他后来又做了清朝的官,该是入了《贰臣传》的,故民间传说颇有微词,说明朝亡在他和李自成手里,崇祯皇帝至死还在怨恨苏京云云,自然难以采信,因此不敢妄论。但他在经历了山河易主、改朝换代的巨变之后,月夜彳亍于这荒凉的海滨,面对海面上浮动变幻、转瞬即逝的光影,心中自有难言之隐。当时的形势已不允许苏京有更多的说和做的自由了,他只能把眼前情景化为“星河影动”四个字,刻在石头上,把感慨藏在心里。

“撼雪喷云”是苏京题刻的重点,位置居中、字也大。这一定是白天的景色。今天,我们站在岸边,涨潮的时候巨浪滚滚而来,每一个撞在礁石上的巨浪都会随着一声巨响化为一堆雪雾冲天而起,“撼雪喷云”的形容,真是再贴切不过了。同时,这四个字还隐含着对礁石的赞美:它在狂涛巨浪面前屹立不动,才产生了如此壮观的景象。很难说,这里面没有苏京自况的味道。

王铎题的“万斛明珠”与“砥柱狂澜”是竖行文字,在苏京题字的左边。“万斛明珠”所描绘的是夜景,而且是夏天的夜景。夏天,随着水温的升高,海水中会发光的浮游生物和发光细菌大量繁殖,海水会发出红、黄、蓝、绿等各种光色。在漆黑的夜晚,一列列波峰闪着亮光蜿蜒推进,似霍霍燃烧的火焰,有时,大片的海水都是通亮的,似蓝幽幽的动荡的水晶。波浪受到礁石的阻挡,猛烈的撞击使海水发光更为强烈。随着巨浪的不断撞击,海上碑一带就会被一大片亮晃晃五颜六色的海浪所包围,飞溅的海水似亿万颗晶莹闪亮的夜明珠,不断喷上空中,明灭不定地跳跃着,再从空中跌落下来,化为千变万化的光带,从礁石上倾泻而下,如此周而复始,景象既优美又神秘,似乎把人带进了神话中珍宝遍地的东海龙宫。“万斛明珠”就是对这一美景的描述。面对“万斛明珠”美景的王铎与面对“星河影动”的苏京心境是相似的。“万斛明珠”虽然绚烂,但毕竟是一种“色相”,不过和他们那曾叱咤风云的历史一样,很快就会成为过眼烟云。心中更多的是失落和惆怅。这也正是海上碑一带自然景物的魅力所在。至于“砥柱狂澜”,和苏京的“撼雪喷云”意思差不多,只不过较直露。也可以看作是王铎的自况。

阎毓秀题写“难为水”时,距苏京、王铎题刻已有二十多年。苏京辞世也已多年。作为安东卫最高军政长官的阎毓秀,自然熟知一代风云人物、地方闻人苏京的事迹。“难为水”表现了对苏京人品才干的仰慕,也表现了他对苏京等人一生际遇的感慨。这三个字刻在苏京题字的下方,显然是化用了《孟子》“观于海者难为水”的说法和唐代元稹“曾经沧海难为水”的诗句,透露出对世事沧桑的感悟。

在苏京、王铎、阎毓秀生活的时代,闯王起事,明社鼎革,清廷入主中原,那是一个闪动着刀光剑影、遍地血雨腥风的年代,清代又是一个文字狱迭兴的时代,许多人会因了一句话或几个字而莫名其妙地掉了脑袋。因此,我们不能指望海上碑的作者们能走得更远,也不必对他们的行状及题刻妄加穿凿。但他们毕竟在三百多年前在这里刻下了一些句子,使我们登临海上碑时,会由此想到历史并浮想联翩。我们应该感谢他们。当然,我们还应该感谢海上碑附近的居民。上个世纪八十年代,人们纷纷在落潮时到海中开采礁石作石料盖房。附近许多礁石被一扫而空。惟独海上碑所处的礁石,虽然质地很好又便于开采,却毫发未损地保留了下来。使我们今天还能够一睹古人遗迹。或许当时人们是出于对古迹的敬重,这实在是难能可贵的。

海上碑,岚山地区唯一保存完好的古迹,每天都在经受着惊涛骇浪洗礼的古碑。愿你长驻海滨,伴随着日益兴旺的新岚山,一起走向未来。

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